See also People that died at the age of 50
- 01-July-1960 : Ghana becomes a republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President as Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom ceases to be the head of state.
- 28-February-1951 : Linus Pauling, Robert Corey, and Herman Branson publish the findings of the ?-helix and the ?-sheet.
- 17-January-1949 : The first Volkswagen Beetle to arrive in the United States, a 1948 model, is brought over to New York by Dutch businessman Ben Pon. Unable to interest dealers or importers in the Volkswagen, Pon sells the sample car to pay his travel expenses. Only two 1949 models will be sold in America that year, convincing Volkswagen chairman Heinrich Nordhoff that the car has no future in the U.S. (The VW Beetle goes on to become the greatest automobile phenomenon in American history.)
- 01-June-1943 : British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777, a DC-3 with registration GGAGBB, (formerly KLM PHPHALI, Ibis), on a scheduled passenger flight, is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, all 17 persons aboard perish, including the actor Leslie Howard. There is speculation that the downing was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill as the Germans may have had wrong information he was aboard.
- 18-March-1940 : WWII Axis powers: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.
- 23-July-1939 : Mahatma Gandhi the spiritual leader from India writes a personal letter to Adolf Hitler addressing him "My friend", requesting to prevent any possible war.
- 28-April-1939 : In a speech before the ''Reichstag'', Adolf Hitler renounces the Anglo-German Naval Agreement and the German-Polish Non-Aggression Pact.
- 03-December-1932 : Hindenburg names Kurt von Schleicher as German chancellor.
- 17-July-1918 : By order of the Bolshevik Party and carried out by the Cheka, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, his immediate family, and retainers are murdered at the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
- 23-March-1909 : Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a postpostpresidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.