- 21-April-1526 : First battle of Panipat: Babur becomes Moghul (or Mughal) emperor of India, captures Delhi, and invades northern India, beginning the Mughal Empire, which lasts until 1857.
- 17-March-1527 : Battle of Khanwa: This and two other major Moghul victories lead to the domination of northern India.
- 05-November-1556 : Second Battle of Panipat: Fifty miles north of Delhi, a Mogul Army defeats Hindu forces of General Hemu, to ensure Akbar the throne of India.
- 24-August-1608 : The first official English representative to India lands at Surat.
- 30-November-1612 : Battle of Swally: Forces of the British East India Company and Portugal engage off the coast of India, resulting in a British win.
- 22-December-1616 : An Indian youth (called one of the "the first fruits of India") is baptized with the name "Peter" in London at the St. Dionis Backchurch, in a ceremony attended by the Lord Mayor, the Privy Council, city aldermen, and officials of the Honourable East India Company. Peter thus becomes the first convert to the Anglican Church in India. He returns to India as a missionary, schooled in English and Latin.<ref>Rozina Visram. ''Asians in Britain: 400 Years of History''. Pluto Press. 504 pp. (ISBN(ISBN10: 0745313736)</ref>
- 06-June-1674 : Shivaji is crowned as Chatrapati Shivaji at Raigad Fort in India.
- 20-March-1739 : Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne, including the Koh-i-Noor.
- 17-July-1755 : In a convoy of ships from Great Britain, returning to India for the East India Company, the lead ship ''Dodington'' wrecks at Port Elizabeth, losing a chest of gold coins from Robert Clive, worth L33,000. In 1998, 1,400 coins are offered for sale, and in 2002 a portion is given to the South African government.<ref>
'Sailing Ship "Dodington"' (history), Dodington Family, 2002,
webpage: http://www.dodingtonfamily.org/shipdodingtonnotes.htm ShipShipNotes.
- 23-June-1757 : Battle of Plassey: 3,000 British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj ud-Daulah at Plassey.